( Information System Department King Saud University Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) )
Keywords: Cryptography,Authorization,Authentication,Cloud Environment,Privacy,Security
Recently, security and privacy issues have become barriers to the adoption of cloud computing. The main risks associated with cloud environments are the loss of control, lack of trust, and multi-tenancy. They raise serious concerns over privacy and security because the data and resources are located out of the users' boundary; the access control policies are enforced by a semi-trusted cloud; and the resources are shared between tenants. Because of the present issues of privacy and security, many studies have introduced solutions to protect the data stored in a cloud and prevent privacy violations. In this paper, we analyze the recent work on security and privacy in a cloud environment based on the related outlines provided by the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA); and provide an overview of the main mechanisms that have been used. This overview shows the existing research trends and presents open issues that offer a foundation for additional research in the cloud field.